Periodontal disease and it’s relationship with diabetes

DIABETES: A DISEASE THAT AFFECTS THE CONTROL OF THE HORMONE INSULIN IN THE BODY. WHEN UNCONTROLLED, THE BLOOD SUGAR (BLODD SUGAR) RISES WHICH CAN CAUSE INFLAMMATION.

PERIODONTAL DISEASE: A DISEASE THROUGH INFLAMMATION BREAKS DOWN THE LIGAMENTS, AND BONE STRUCTURES SURROUNDING THE TEETH.

SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES INCLUDE:

  • HIGHER RISK OF PERIODONTAL DISEASE (GUM DISEASE)
  • POOR GLUCOSE CONTROL
  • POSSIBLE FUNGAL INFECTION (CANDIDA FUNGUS)
  • CAN LEAD TO HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE AND HIGH CHOLESTEROL
  • AFFECTS THE OTHER IMPORTANT ORGANS SUCH AS THE HEART, LIVER, AND VISION
  • DIFFICULTY IN HEALING
  • BLURRY VISION

SYMPTOMS OF PERIODONTAL DISEASE:

  • REDNESS, INFLAMMED AND BLEEDING GUMS
  • MILD TO MODERATE BLEEDING OF THE GUMS WHEN BRUSHING OR FLOSSING
  • WIDER SPACES BETWEEN THE TEETH
  • TEETH MOVING AND OR CROWDING
  • HORMONAL CHANGES IN WOMEN CAN LEAD TO GINGIVITIS
  • PRESCRIPTION MEDICATIONS CAN CAUSE DRY MOUTH THEREBY REDUCINGTHE FLOW OF SALIVA IN THE MOUTH WHICH CAN MAKE THE MOUTH MORE SUSCEPTIBLE TO INFECTIONS.

ACCORDING TO THE AMERICAN DENTAL ASSOCIATION (ADA), THE RISKS OF DIABETES LEADING TO PERIODONTAL DISEASE CAN BE REDUCED BY:

  • DAILY FLOSSING AND BRUSHING
  • REGULARLY DENTAL VISITS
  • MAINTAINING A HEALTHY DIET
  • QUITTING SMOKING

ACCORDING TO THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF HEALTH (NIH):  YOUR BODY’S IMMUNE SYSTEM PROTECTS YOU FROM DISEASE AND INFECTION. BUT IF YOU HAVE AN AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE, YOUR IMMUNE SYSTEM ATTACKS HEALTHY CELLS IN YOUR BODY BY MISTAKE. AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES CAN AFFECT MANY PARTS OF THE BODY.

THE BASIC SYMPTON OR SIGNS OF AN AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE IS INFLAMMATION, WHICH CAUSES REDNESS, HEAT, PAIN, AND SWELLING

 

SINCE THERE IS NO CURE FOR PERIODONTAL DISEASE OR DIABETES, IT IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT TO MANAGE THE DISEASES VERY CAREFULLY.  BOTH DISEASE ARE AUTOIMMUNE AND REQUIRES CAREFUL CONSIDERATION WHEN A DIAGNOSIS IS GIVEN. ORAL HEALTHCARE PROVIDERS SHOULD DISCUSS THIS IN FULL DETAILS WITH PATIENTS GIVEN SINCE THE RISK OF HAVING DIABETES INCREASES ONE’S CHANCES OF DEVELOPING PERIODONTAL DISEASE THROUGH INFLAMMATION.

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